A medical waste is a biohazardous waste that can disseminate illnesses if not properly disposed instantly. Proper disposal of the medical wastes will make an effect to the health of the people and also the surrounding.
Hospitals, nursing homes and clinics are some of the common health care facilities that create infectious wastes every day. This can pose risks to the health of many people and its environment. Therefore, these harmful wastes must be neutralized in a proper manner according to the standard operating procedure of the facility or law. With correct disposal of these wastes, the spreading of the healthcare facility-acquired diseases can be halted or avoided.
Every member in the healthcare facility is responsible for the proper disposal of medical wastes, in such a way that it cannot pose risks to other members working in the facility and to the hospital community. Healthcare facilities have housekeepers whose roles are very important in maintaining the environment’s cleanliness and reduce microorganisms that continuously keep on spreading.
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Medical waste disposals have many advantages. This procedure does not only help avoid acquiring infections but it can also avoid accidents within the staff members, visitors and especially patients. Any unlikely or unwanted smell in the environment will be reduced. The establishment’s atmosphere will have a pleasurable sight and smell. There will be no insects or animals that going near the wastes. Proper disposal can prevent the ground water and soil from being contaminated with microorganisms or chemical wastes.
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As majority in the healthcare staffs handle infectious wastes daily, they are the ones who are exposed to the biohazardous waste and pose risk to injury as well. House keepers in the hospital settings are the individuals who are more prone to the risks. Anyone who is part of disposing wastes, especially the housekeeping staffs, should know the risk factors involved and they should be able to follow the standard operating procedure of proper disposal. Safety and their health will be in danger if they will not follow the protocol of waste disposal.
Health reports have showed that many of the healthcare staffs have suffered injuries from needles or other sharp tools yearly. There is a possibility that some can be exposed to blood borne viruses coming from the sharps wastes. Those who are exposed to this type of disease should get a Hepatitis B vaccination beforehand.
If healthcare staffs do not follow the proper medical waste disposal, this will also pose a threat to the health of the clients or patients.
The members of the community will also be affected in this case. There is a possibility for people who live in low-resource setting can be exposed to medical wastes. Some of them will scavenge in waste disposal areas and look for something useful without knowing the risks involved. There is a high chance of the contaminated water to reach communities and can lead to an epidemic disease due to the disposing of medical wastes in an improper manner which caused the water to be contaminated.
There should be a strict rule to follow when disposing medical wastes and every healthcare members and staffs should do this in order to avoid spreading infectious disease to people inside the healthcare establishment and to people living in the community.